ESL Teaching Materials


Academic Writing 1
Academic Writing 2
Writing for Research Purposes
Course Outlines
Course Outline 1
Course Outline 2
Course Outline 3
Course Outline 4
Course Outline 5
Course Outline 6
Course Outline 7
Test 1
Test 2
Test 3
Test 4
Basic Rules of Writing
Writing a Personal Statement
Reference Desk
ESL Jobs
Make your Start-up Page
About me

Good tests help teachers teach and students learn and measure their educational and intellectual progress

Well designed placement tests give teachers an idea of where their students need to start their English course. There are a few international tests which determine students English language level.



International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is a test of English language proficiency. It is jointly managed by University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations, British Council and IDP Education Australia. Candidates may choose either the Academic Module or the General Training Module:


The Academic Module is intended for those wishing to enroll in universities and other institutions of higher education.

The General Training Module is intended for those planning to undertake non-academic training or to gain work experience, or for immigration purposes.

IELTS is accepted by most Australian, British, Canadian, Irish, New Zealand and South African academic institutions, by an increasing number of academic institutions in the USA, and by various professional organisations.


IELTS characteristics

The IELTS incorporates the following features:

A variety of accents and writing styles are presented in text materials in order to minimise linguistic bias. The test focuses on "International English", which includes British English, American English and other varieties. The results are therefore considered more authoritative than TOEFL.


IELTS tests the ability to speak, read, listen and write in English.

Two test formats can be chosen from - Academic and General Training.

Band scores are used for each language sub-skill (Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing). The Band Scale ranges from 1 ("Non User") to 9 ("Expert User").


Locations and test dates

There are around 300 test centres worldwide. The number of candidates has grown from about 100,000 in 1999 to more than half a million in 2005. The top three locations in which candidates took the test in 2003 were China, India and the United Kingdom for the Academic Category, and India, China and Australia for the General Training Category.

There are up to 48 test dates available per year. Each test centre offers tests up to four times a month depending on local demand. More about IELTS:




The Test of English as a Foreign Language (or TOEFL, pronounced "toe-full", or sometimes just "toffle") evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non-native applicants at many American and English speaking colleges and universities. The TOEFL is the product of the Educational Testing Service (ETS), which is contracted by the private, non-profit firm, the College Board to administer the test in institutions in the US; they also produce the SAT.


The test is usually taken on a computer in a test center, although paper versions are available where it is not possible to take it this way. TOEFL is administered worldwide.


The Computer Based Test for TOEFL called the CBT, is an adaptive test; meaning that your next question's difficulty level depends on the correctness of your response to the current question. This helps TOEFL to grade the person's knowledge on the English language; by assuming him/her to be of an average capability at the beginning of the test, and with the responses received at the every question the program decides to give you a tougher or easier question based on whether your question was answered correctly or not. The CBT follows computer adaptive test strategy for the Listening and Structure section alone. The reading comprehension and essay writing are not computer adaptive.


The test consists of four sections:

Section I: Listening Comprehension

Section II: Structure and Written Expression

Section III: Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary

Section IV: Essay Writing


More about TOEFL:




Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) measures the ability of non-native English-speaking people to use English in everyday work activities. The TOEIC was developed by the ETS (Educational Testing Service) in the USA following a request from the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Trade and Industry (MITI). There are an estimated 3 million test takers per year.


The TOEIC test is a two-hour multiple-choice test that consists of 200 questions divided into 100 questions each in listening comprehension and reading comprehension. Each candidate receives independent marks for written and oral comprehension on a scale from 5 to 495 points. The total score adds up to a scale from 10 and 990 points. The TOEIC certificate exists in five colours, corresponding to achieved results: orange (10-215), brown (220-465), green (470-725), blue (730-855) and gold (860-990).


More about TOEIC:




The Educational Testing Service (or ETS) is the world's largest private educational testing and measurement organization, operating on a annual budget of approximately $900 million. ETS develops various standardized examinations primarily in the United States, but they also administer tests such as TOEFL in most nations. Many of the assessments they develop are associated with entry to US tertiary and quaternary education institutions. As well as test development, they also carry out internationally recognised educational research.


Their international campus-like headquarters is in Lawrenceville, New Jersey (with a Princeton mailing address); Processing, shipping, customer service and test security nearby Ewing; and European headquarters is in Utrecht in the Netherlands. ETS employs about 2,700 individuals, including 240 with doctorates and an additional 350 others with "higher degrees."


ETS is a non-profit organization. However, the organization is also self-supporting, meaning that they need to charge for assessments. Some test-takers find these prohibitively high, although test fee waivers or reductions are available for individuals who can prove financial hardship.


Much of the work carried out by ETS is contracted by the private, non-profit firm the College Board. The most popular of the College Board's tests is the SAT, taken by more than 3 million students annually.


Tests administered by ETS

Graduate Record Examination (GRE)

SAT (formerly: Scholastic Aptitude Test)

PSAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT)

College Level Examination Program (CLEP)

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Test of English for International Communications (TOEIC)

Certified Professional Electrologist (CPE)

More about ETS:



Good English tests can clearly indicate students’ level of English.



Free EFL/ESL Tests Online

Prepared by Dr. Algirdas Makarevicius, Ph.D. (Linguistics)

Contents within this website remains under strict copyrights of the respective authors.
Copyright 2006-2014

Travel, Write, and Teach English

Computer Assisted Language Teaching